Pakistan lies along River Indus stretching over 2000 kilometers from the freezing heights of Karakoram mountains in the north to the balmy beaches of Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan neighbours include China in the north, Afghanistan in the northwest, Iran in the west and India in the east. It has an area of 796,096 sq.km.
Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. The climate is generally arid, characterized by hot summers and cool or cold winters, and wide variations between extremes of temperature at given locations. These generalizations should not, however, obscure the distinct differences existing among particular locations. For example, the coastal area along the Arabian Sea is usually warm, whereas the frozen snow-covered ridges of the Karakoram Range and of other mountains of the far north are so cold year-round that they are only accessible to world-class climbers for a few weeks in May and June of each year.
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The total Population of Pakistan is 207,774,520 according to 2017 census. Pakistan is 5th biggest country of world by Population. Punjab is the biggest province of Pakistan by population and Balochistan is smallest province by Population. The population of males is 106,443,520 and females is 101,331,000.
Pakistan consists of four provinces Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, andthe autonomous territories Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan and federal territory Islamabad Capital. Punjab is the biggest province of Pakistan by population and second largest province by area after Balochistan. Balochistan is largest province by area and smallest by Population.