Pakistan emerged as an independent country on 14 August 1947 after getting independence from Britain. The land where the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is situated today had been a seat of world’s leading Civilizations from the time immemorial. The cultural heritage of Pakistan, starting from pre-historic times to the present day can be summarized in the following periods:

  • Indus Civilization
  • Gandhara Civilization
  • Islamic Period
  • Sikh Period
  • British Period
  • Post-independence Period

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