Landscape of Pakistan



Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest peak in the world (8,125 meters), in the Himalayan range. It is the highest mountain in Pakistan. Nanga Parbat means “bare mountain”. The mountain is also called Diamir (meaning “King of the mountains”). Among mountaineers, Nanga Parbat is known as one of the hardest 8,000 to overcome. Unlike Everest, even its most classic and “easy” access route (the Kinshofer route) has extremely steep slopes, interspersed with avalanche paths and exposed to rock-fall. The mountain has been successfully scaled.

Views of the mountain from its base camp can be seen here


K2 is a summit of the Karakoram (or Karakorum) massif located on the Sino-Pakistani border in Gilgit-Baltistan (Skardu district). It is the second highest peak in the world (after Everest) with an official altitude of 8,611 m. It is nicknamed “Savage Mountain” because of the difficulty of its ascent, or “mountain without pity”.

Watch the footage by and narration of an avid mountaineer about K2 here.


Tirich Mir is a peak in Pakistan rising to 7,708 meters above sea level in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and constituting the highest point of the Hindu Kush. It is surrounded by glaciers. Norwegian mountaineers made the first ascents of the main peak and the eastern peak, the second highest, in 1950 and 1964 respectively.

Aerial views of Tirch Mir captured by a mountaineer here


Gasherbrum refers to a group of peaks located in Pakistan, northeast of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram region. The massif includes three peaks over eight thousand meters. In the Balti language, rgasha means “beautiful” and brum means “mountain”. Therefore the correct name should be “beautiful mountain”


Broad Peak is the twelfth highest peak in the world. It is part of the Gasherbrum located in the Karakoram, on the border between China and Pakistan. Its common name comes from its other name, Falchen Kangri, which refers to the width of its top.


The  Gasherbrum  I  is the eleventh highest peak in the world. It is also called K5 or Hidden Peak. The Gasherbrum  I  is part of the Gasherbrum located in the Karakoram.

Gasherbrum  I  was baptized K5 (meaning fifth peak of the Karakoram) by Thomas George Montgomerie in 1856 when he recognized the peaks of the Karakoram for the first time. In 1892, William Martin Conway provided another name, Hidden Peak, in reference to its extreme remoteness.

Watch the scaling efforts here


The  Gasherbrum II  is the thirteenth highest peak in the world. It is also called K4. The Gasherbrum II is part of the Gasherbrum located in the Karakoram. Gasherbrum II was baptized K4 (meaning fourth peak of the Karakoram) by Thomas George Montgomerie in 1856.

Watch the scaling efforts here


Gasherbrum III also known as  K3, is a massive summit of the Gasherbrum of the Baltoro Muztagh, a sub-range of the Karakoram, on the border between Xinjiang, China and Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is located between Gasherbrum II and IV.

Gasherbrum III fails to meet a topographic limit of 500 meters as an independent mountain; it can therefore be considered as an undercoat of Gasherbrum II.

Gasherbrum III was one of the highest unscaled peaks in the world until its first ascent in 1975 by Wanda Rutkiewicz, Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz, Janusz Onyszkiewicz and Krzysztof Zdzitowiecki, members of a Polish expedition.


Khunyang Chhish  or  Kunyang Chhish  is the second highest mountain in Hispar Muztagh, a sub-mountain of the Karakoram Mountains in Pakistan. Alternative variations of the name include Kunyang Kish and Khiangyang Kish, among others. Its height, also sometimes estimated at 7,823 meters, is ranked 21st in the world and 8th in Pakistan.

Watch some breathtaking efforts at scaling this mountain here


The Rakaposhi (literally “Shining Wall”), also known as Dumani (“The Mother of Mists”) is the 27th highest peak in the world (Pakistan’s 12th) with more than 7000 meters height. It is located in the Nagar Valley, about 100 km north of Gilgit, in Karakoram. The mountain owes this reputation to its beauty, despite rather modest height in comparison to the other mountains of Pakistan. The first ascent took place in 1958 by Mike Banks and Tom Patey, members of a British-Pakistani expedition, over the southwest ridge.

Here is some aerial footage of Rakaposhi


Distaghil Sar is the nineteenth highest peak in the world. It is located in the north-west of Karakoram, in the Hispar Muztagh sector of which it is the highest point. Distaghil Sar is located on the ridge that separates the Shimshal Valley from the Hispar Glacier. The two secondary peaks Distaghil Sar Est (7,700 m) and Distaghil Sar Sud (7,440 m) are located on the ridge that leads to Khunyang Chhish. The Distaghil Sar was discovered in 1892 by George Cockerhill and measured in 1913 by Kenneth Mason.


Diran is a mountain in the Karakoram Range in the Nagar Valley, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. This pyramid-shaped mountain of 7,266 meters (23,839 feet) lies to the east of Rakaposhi (7,788m). Diran is known as one of the most dangerous mountains in Pakistan because of its steep snow deposits. Diran was climbed in 1968 by three Austrians.


Malubiting sits in the heart of the Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains, which rise above the north bank of the Indus between its tributaries, the Hunza River and the Shigar River. Malubiting is located about 40 km east-southeast of Rakaposhi, and about 50 km east of Gilgit, the most important town in the region. Malubiting rises steeply on the Phuparash River to the southwest, while to the east the great Chogo Lungma Glacier begins on its slopes.

Get a brief introduction and footage here


Batura Sar, also called Batura I, is the 25th highest mountain in the world and the 10th highest in Pakistan. It is the highest peak of Batura Muztagh, which is the westernmost sub-ridge of the Karakoram range. It forms the top of the Batura Wall, which is a continually elevated part of the backbone of Batura Muztagh. The alternate forms of the name of this peak are Batura, Batura I and Batura I East.


Sia Kangri is a mountain in the Baltoro Muztagh in the Karakoram. Its apex is the tri-point of territory controlled (claimed) by India, China and Pakistan where the actual line of ground position between Indian and Pakistani forces meets Chinese controlled territory. Land immediately southwest of the peak is claimed by Pakistan and India and controlled by Pakistan. The land to the northeast is part of the Trans Karakoram Tract, controlled by China under a 1963 border agreement with Pakistan. Land to the southeast is claimed by Pakistan and India, but is controlled by India, as part of its Siachen Glacier territory. It is the 63rd highest mountain in the world and the 25th tallest in Pakistan. The peak is on the watershed between the Indus basin and the Tarim basin.

Get a brief introduction and footage of the mountain here


The Masherbrum Mountains are a mountain range located in the Karakoram Massif, in the Ghanche District, in Gilgit-Baltistan, in northern Pakistan. The Masherbrum Mountains are located south of the Baltoro Glacier. The southern part of the chain, located in the Indus basin, is drained by the Hushe River.

Less famous than the Baltoro Muztagh Range, which lies on the other side of the Baltoro Glacier, the Masherbrum Mountains nevertheless have several peaks over 7,000 meters and attract mountaineers from all over the world. Its highest point is the Masherbrum (7,821  m ). Being the first recognized mountain, it has the distinct honor of being known as K1.


The Batura Glacier, also known as the Baltoro Glacier, 57 km long, is one of the largest and longest glaciers outside the polar region. It is located in the region of Gojal, in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is located just north of the Batura (7,795 meters) and Passu (7,500 meters) massifs. The glacier flows from west to east. The lower parts can be described as a gray sea of rocks and gravelly moraine. It is bordered by a few summer villages and pastures with herds of sheep, goats, cows and yaks and where junipers are common.


Kanjut Sar  or Kunjudh Sar, as it is pronounced in “Wakhi” is a mountain located in the Hispar Muztagh, a subgroup of the Karakoram mountain range. Kunjudh Sar in Wakhi means that which overlooks Kunjudh or above Kunjudh, while Khujudh is the Wakhi name for Lower Hunza. It is the 26th highest mountain in the world and the 11th in Pakistan. Kanjut Sar is made up of two peaks: Kanjut Sar I at 7,760 meters and Kanjut Sar II, southeast of I, at 6,831 m (22,411 ft).

Kanjut Sar I was first climbed in 1959 by Camillo Pellissier, member of an Italian expedition led by Guido Monzino. Between 1981, August 4-6, 7 Japanese climbers from the same expedition reached the summit. In 2010, an American-Russian expedition attempted to climb the eastern ridge of Kanjut Sar and reached 7450 meters.


The highest peak of the range Saltoro, Saltoro Kangri is up to 7742m making it the 33rd  highest peak in the world. Saltoro Kangri rises dramatically above the Kondus valleys and the Saltoro River of Baltistan to the west of the peak. This peak is rarely visited.


Trivor  is one of the high peaks of the Hispar Muztagh, a sub-range of the Karakoram range in Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan. Its height is often given at 7,728 meters, but this altitude does not correspond to photographic evidence.

There have only been two successful ascents of this summit; the first ascent was in 1960 by an American-British party.


Also known as the Bride Peak, it culminates at 7654 meters, ranking as the 46th  highest mountain in the world. In 1909 the first expedition began and was able to set a record even when poor conditions prevented it from going any further. The mountain has not been scaled successfully since then.


One of the highest peaks of the western substring often known as Karakorum Shispare is the 49th  highest peak in the world at 7619 meters. It sits east of the Batura Wall and dominates the west of the Hunza River.

Climbing started in Batura Muztagh later than in other parts of Karakoram. The shispara was the first major peak in the range to be successfully climbed, in 1974, by the “Polish-German University Expedition” led by Janusz Kurczab. The ascent took 35 days.


Also known as the Staircase Peak, the Skyang Kangri is located on the border between Pakistan and China to 7544 meters, making it the 58th  highest peak in the world. The name Staircase refers to the eastern top, which looks like a giant 5-step staircase.

The first attempt to climb this summit dates back to 1909, during an expedition to K2. In 1975 a Japanese expedition succeeded in making the ascent.


Pumuri or Pumari Chhish  (or  Pumarikish  ,  Peak 11  ) is a high peak (7400 meters) of the Hispar Muztagh, a sub-range of the Karakoram range. It is located about 4 km east of Khunyang Chhish, in the heart of the Hispar, north of the Hispar Glacier.

In 1979, a Japanese group from the Hokkaido Alpine Association and a 29-strong Pakistani Army officer successfully climbed the mountain via a long road from the Khunyang Glacier west of the summit. They first had to cross a major pass to access the upper Yazghil glacier; they then climbed the northern ridge of Pumari Chhish.

According to the Himalayan Index there have been no other successful ascents of Pumari Chhish.


The national park of the central Karakoram ( Central Karakoram National Park) is a national park located in the district of Skardu in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It encompasses some of the world’s highest peaks and the largest glaciers. Internationally recognized for its mountaineering, climbing and trekking possibilities, it covers an area of approximately 10,000 km and is home to the largest concentration of high mountains in the world. It features four peaks over 8,000 m including K2 (8,611 m), Gasherbrum-I (8,068 m), Gasherbrum-II (8,035 m) and Broad Peak (8,051 m), as well as sixty peaks over 7,000 m.



Saifulmalook lake is situated 8 kilometers north of Naran and it takes 1 hour to reach there from Naran. The lake is situated in the middle of mountains, which throughout the year are covered with snow. Saifulmalook is named after a folk tale by Mian Muhammad Bakhsh.. It is the story of the prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake. The impact of the lake’s beauty is such that people believe that fairies come down to the lake in full moon. The colour of water is blue and it is crystal clear.  


Karambar Lake, also known as Qurumbar Lake, is a high altitude lake located in Ishkomen, a Tehsil of Ghizer District in Gilgit-Baltistan, near the border of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan. It is the 31st tallest lake in the world and the 2nd highest lake in Pakistan with a height of 14,121 feet (4,304 m) and one of the largest biologically active lakes on earth.


Rush Lake is a high elevation lake located in the Nagar Valley, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, near Rush Pari Peak, at 5,098 m (16,726 ft). At 4,694 meters, Rush is one of the highest alpine lakes in the world. It is located about 15 km north of Miar Peak and Spantik (Golden Peak), which are in the Nagar Valley. Rush Lake and Rush Peak are accessible via Nagar and Hoparand via Hopar Glacier (Bualtar Glacier) and Miar Glacier, which rises from Miar and Phuparash Peaks. The trek to Rush Lake offers views of Spantik, Malubiting, Miar Peak, Phuparash Peak and Ultar Sar. It is the highest lake in Pakistan and the 25th highest lake in the world.


Satpara lake (Satpara lake) is a natural lake near Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, which supplies water to the Skardu Valley. It is powered by the Satpara stream. Satpara Lake is located at an elevation of 2,636 meters (8,650 feet) above sea level and covers an area of 2.5 km². The completion of the Satpara dam downstream of the lake enlarged the size of Satpara lake.


Lake Dudipatsar or Lake Dudipat is a lake surrounded by snow-capped peaks in Lulusar-Dudipatsar National Park. The lake is located in the far north of the Kaghan Valley, in Mansehra district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, northern Pakistan. The word “dudi” means white, “pat” means mountains and “sar” means lake. This name was given to the lake due to the white color of the snow on the surrounding peaks. In summer, the water in the lake is reflected like a mirror. The word “sar” is used with the name of every lake in the area, translating as “lake”.


Sheosar Lake also called Shausar Lake (Sheosar Lake) is a lake located in Deosai National Park in Gilgit-Baltistan province in northern Pakistan. The lake is accessible by two roads. One is via Skardu and the other is via Astore District. Skardu Route The route through Skardu can be covered by jeep in a few hours, however, if it is trekked it may take 2 days. Astore Road, the second road is in the Astore district. From the main town of Astore, it takes around 4 hours of jeep travel through a semi-metallic road to reach Chilm, the last residential area adjacent to the plain.


Ratti Gali Lake is an alpine glacial lake which is located in the Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan at an elevation of 12,130 feet (3,700 m). The lake is fed by the surrounding glacial water from the mountains.


Shangrila Lake (Shangrila Lake) Lower Kachura Lake, also known as Shangrila Lake, is located in Kachura village 20 minutes from Skardu town (nearly 2,500m). The lake is also known as Lake Shangrila after a resort built on its shore in 1983. Shangrila was named after a book called Lost Horizon by James Hilton. In the novel, the author tells a tale in which a plane crash landed near a riverbed in the early 1920s. The surviving passengers met Buddhist monks from a nearby temple and asked their help. They were taken to a beautiful lamasery filled with a variety of fruits and flowers. The monks looked quite young, although they claim to be hundreds of years old. The idyllic place was called Shangri-la, a Tibetan word meaning “heaven on earth”. In 2015, one of the photos of Shangrila Resort was declared as the big winner of Wiki Loves Earth, 2015, after a worldwide competition.


The higher Kachura Lake (Upper Kachura Lake) is crystal clear and has a depth of 70 meters. In summer, the temperature is 15 ° C. In winter, the surface is frozen. The upper Indus River flows nearby at a lower elevation.

The beauty of the upper part of Kachura Lake is almost undeveloped and mostly unexplored by travelers, due to the lack of infrastructure owing to its rugged terrain. The region has a rich flora of the subalpine coniferous forest ecoregion of the Western Himalayas, and is also known for its wild apricot. Recreational activities on Upper Kachura Lake include hiking, trout fishing and mountaineering in the Himalayas.


Attabad Lake  ( Attabad Lake ) is a lake in the Gojal Valley, Hunza, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. The lake was created in January 2010 following the Attabad Earthquake. Attabad Lake has become one of the main tourist attractions in Gilgit-Baltistan and offers activities like boating, jet skiing, fishing and other leisure activities.


The lake Hanna  (Hanna Lake) is a  lake  in the  valley of Urak,  near  the  city of Quetta in  Baluchistan province,  in the south  –  western Pakistan. It is surrounded by mountains. Hanna Lake is in the hills near where the Urak Valley begins 17 km east of Quetta town. The reservoir was built in 1894 during British colonial times on the land of local tribes, and is one of the city’s main attractions. It has a large historic bridge wall between two mountains on the side allowing the storage of the water.


Mahodand Lake  (Mahodand Lake) ”The lake of fish”) is a lake located in the upper Usho valley at a distance of about 40 km from Kalam, Swat district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The lake is accessible by a four-wheel drive vehicle and is often used for fishing and boating.

Mahodand Lake sits at the foot of the Hindu Kush Mountains at an elevation of 2,865 m (9,400 feet), surrounded by meadows, mountains and dense forests. Likewise, the shores of Lake Mahodand are covered with pine trees and pastures which serve as a camping ground in the summer. Mahodand Lake is fed by the melting glaciers and springs of the Hindu Kush Mountain and gives rise to Ushu Khwar, the main left tributary of the Swat River.



The Cold Desert, also known as the Katpana Desert or Biama Nakpo, is a high altitude desert located near Skardu in the northern Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. The desert contains expanses of large sand dunes which are sometimes covered with snow in winter. Located at an elevation of 2,226 meters (7,303 feet) above sea level, the Katpana Desert is one of the highest deserts in the world.


The Kharan Desert is a sandy, mountainous desert located in the province of Balochistan in southwestern Pakistan. This desert was the site of Pakistan’s second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on May 30, 1998. The land is not suitable for agriculture due to poor irrigation. The occupation of the population is primarily the creation of hand-sewn cotton rugs for sale and other handicrafts. The terrain is mostly dry, with signature gray-brown sand. 


Thal Desert is located in Punjab, Pakistan. The vast expanse is located between the Jhelum and Sindh rivers near the Pothohar Plateau, with a total length of 190 miles from north to south, and a maximum width of 70 miles (110 km) and a minimum width of 20 miles. The desert covers the districts of Bhakkar, Khushab, Mianwali, Layyah, Muzaffargarh as well as Jhang, from the left bank of the Jhelum river. Geographically, it resembles the deserts of Cholistan and Thar.


Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km2 and forms a natural border between India and the Pakistan. It is the 18th largest desert in the world and the 9th largest subtropical desert in the world. About 85% of the Thar Desert is located in India, the remaining 15% in Pakistan. 30,000 km2 of desert can be found in Pakistan. The desert is classified as very dry except for some oasis with rainfall.


The Cholistan Desert, also known locally as Rohi, stretches 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 km2 (6,200 sq mi). It adjoins the Thar Desert, stretching as far as Sindh and India. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word chol, meaning desert. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from place to place in search of water and fodder for their animals. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the region, where many settlements of the Indus Valley civilization have been found. The desert also hosts an annual Jeep Gathering, known as the Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally. It is the biggest motorsports event in Pakistan.



At the end of the 20th century, this beach was among the most popular and frequented silver sand beaches, but it was hit by an oil spill in 2003. A wreck and a cargo of dhows caused the oil spill on beach and polluted the beach, although the dhow wreckage was rescued by the Maritime Safety Agency. The beach was closed for three days for the removal of hay bales and cargo debris in the water

There are many hotels and condominiums around this area with basic amenities.


Ormara is a town in Gawadar, Balochistan providing deep blue beaches with balmy weather. Its turtle beaches are a specialty. Linked to Karachi through Makran Coastal Highway, the place offers an authentic taste of the area and untouched beauty of sea.


Sandspit is a beach located southwest of Karachi, in Sindh, Pakistan. It is a very famous tourist place. A remarkable variety of marine life – algae and crabs are found here. The shallow water here is great for swimming and sunbathing. It has an unusual rock formation. Facilities at Sandspit Beach include horse and camel rides. Sandspit Beach is also a nesting ground for green turtles and olive ridley turtles, supported by the Sindh Wildlife Department for the past two decades. Nesting takes place at the beginning of winter.


Gwadar Harbor Beach, famous for the town by the same name, is a tourist attraction around the world. It connects Pakistan with all major trading places, making it of major strategic importance for business and tourism. It is one of the deepest ports in Pakistan and the world. Gwadar Beach Pakistan is home to an impressive wind-sculpted rock formation and clear blue beaches.


Jiwani is a city and a commercial port located along the Gulf of Oman, in the Gwadar district of the Balochistan, Pakistan. The city has a total population of 25,000 and is expected to become a major commercial center alongside the development of the port city of Gwadar, located nearly 60 km to the east. In addition, the port city of Chabahar, in the Iranian province of Sistan and Balochistan, is located about 115 km west of Jiwani.


Manora  or  Manoro   is a small peninsula (2.5 km²) located just south of the port of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. Manora is connected to the mainland by a 12 kilometer long causeway called the Sandspit. Manora and the neighboring islands form a protective barrier between the port of Karachi to the north and the Arabian Sea to the south. The western bay of the harbor contains endangered mangrove forests that border the Sandspit and Manora Island. To the east, Karachi Bay and the seaside towns of Kiamari and Clifton.


Hawke’s Bay  or  Hawkesbay  is the main beach in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, located 20 km southwest of Karachi. This beach was named after Bladen Wilmer Hawke, owner of a beach house in the 1930s. Hundreds of people visit here every day swimming, camel riding and camel riding and holidays.


Karachi’s French Beach is located halfway between Hawkes Bay and Paradise Point, a small fishing village frequented by Karachites and known to locals as Haji Ismail Goth. Surrounded by a perimeter wall, it offers 95 huts built by the villagers for rent. The village has no running water, but has electricity. Its rocky beach and clear waters are ideal for snorkeling and scuba diving, as well as for surfing during the monsoon season. Visitors should bring their own equipment as well as food and drinks.


Island Astola (Astola Island), also known as  Jazeera Haft Talar   Satadip  or “Island of the Seven Hills’, is a small uninhabited Pakistani island in the Arabian Sea about 25 km (16 mi) south of the part closest to the coast and 39 km south-east of the fishing port of Pasni. Astola is the largest island off the coast of Pakistan with a length of approximately 6.7 km, a maximum width of 2.3 km and an area of approximately 6.7 km  2 . The highest point is 246 ft (75 m) above sea level. Administratively, the island is part of the Pasni subdistrict of Gwadar district, Balochistan. The island can be reached by motorized boats from Pasni. The journey takes about 5 hours to reach the island.

Pakistan declared Astola its first Marine Protected Area in June 2017 as part of an international obligation of the federal government under the Convention on Biological Diversity.


Gadani Beach ( Gadani Beach) is a coastal village in Lasbela District located in the southern part of Balochistan, along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan. It is also a union council of Hub Tehsil and is only an hour’s drive from Karachi, Sindh. The population of Gadani was estimated at around 10,000 people in 2005. Over 97% of the population is Muslim, with a small Hindu minority. The majority of the population speaks Balochi.


Kund Malir ‘is a beach in Balochistan, Pakistan, located in Hingol National Park, about 145 km from Zero-Point on the Makran Coast Road. The road between Kund Malir and Ormara is considered scenic. The region is part of Hingol National Park, the largest in Pakistan. Travel time from Karachi is about 4 hours and 03 hours from Gwadar.

It is considered to be one of the most beautiful beaches in the world.


Turtle Ormara beach stretches for 10 km of sandy beaches along the coast of Balochistan in Pakistan. It is a designated nesting place for turtles on the verge of extinction.


Pasni Beach (Pasni Beach) is a medium-sized town and fishing port in Gwadar District, Balochistan. Pasni Beach is an intended fishing port.


Pishukan Beach (Pishukan Beach) is a picturesque place which unfortunately has no tourists. It is located about a half hour drive from Gwadar and is a small seaside town, where the population depends on fishing.

Climbing the cliff near the coast is a majestic experience to say the least. Crystal clear waters and vibrant fishing boats make this a place to see. Across the road is a desert landscape with ribbed, wavy sand dunes blowing across the vision. In addition, the path leading to the village of Ganz reveals fascinating cliffs and mountains. The village of Ganz itself is legendary for people of Portuguese descent, blond, blue-eyed and fair complexion. Pishukan is also famous for the fish industry and the fisherman’s place of residence in Gwadar. It has beautiful beaches of golden sand and green water and produces the best fish in Balochistan.